The United Arab Emirates (UAE) are a federation made up of seven different emirates that are located along the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
One of the most important commercial and financial centres in the region, the port city of Dubai is the capital of the emirate of Dubai (Dubayy) and is located at the base of the mountainous Musandam Peninsula. It is also home to hundreds of multinational corporations that are housed in the city’s dense forest of skyscrapers. The smaller emirates of Sharjah (Al-Shriqah), Ajman (Ajmn), Umm al-Quwain (Umm al-Qaywayn), and Ras al-Khaimah (Ras al-Khaymah) all occupy the peninsula. The protrusion of the peninsula that faces north towards Iran forms the Strait of Hormuz, which connects the Persian Gulf with the Gulf of Oman.