Sweden tour Package – Sweden, a country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. The name Sweden originates from the Svear, also known as the Suiones, who were first mentioned by the Roman historian Tacitus in 98 CE. Svithiod was an earlier name for the country. Stockholm has been the nation’s capital since 1523.
Sweden occupies the greater part of the Scandinavian Peninsula that it shares with Norway. Gentle slopes may be found from the high mountains near the Norwegian border all the way to the Baltic Sea to the east. Geologically speaking, this area of the planet’s crust is quite stable and has been around for a very long time. The area’s surface landforms and soils were modified by the retreating Pleistocene glaciers (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago). More than 1,300 miles (2,100 km) of rocky, jagged shoreline is dotted with lakes, and these islands form archipelagos across the otherwise flat country. In spite of its northern latitude, Sweden has the same mild climate as the rest of northwest Europe thanks to the warm North Atlantic Current and the prevailing southwesterly winds.
A sovereign state spanning a whole millennium, the country’s geographical size saw several changes up until 1809. Constitutional monarchy with a lengthy history of parliamentary democracy, beginning in 1917. While recent immigration has increased cultural variety, ethnic and religious diversity remain low in Sweden. Historically, Sweden’s backwardness and poverty gave way to the country’s postindustrial civilization and advanced welfare state, which now boasts a quality of life and life expectancy that rank among the greatest in the world.