Helsinki

Helsinki

Helsinki tour packages

These are the tour packages of Helsinki and its nearby regions. One can expect to experience northern lights and other amazing locations of Finland.

Helsinki is the capital of Finland. The quality of life in Helsinki is unparalleled among major cities. Based on their quality of life score, the British publication Monocle deemed Helsinki to be the best place to call home in 2011. Helsinki placed ninth out of a total of 140 cities in the 2016 liveability survey conducted by the Economist Intelligence Unit. As a city that “can evolve into a flowering cultural nest in the future,” and one that is already well-known as an environmental pioneer, Helsinki was named by the American magazine Time as one of the finest locations in the world in July 2021. Boston Consulting Group and the BCG Henderson Institute’s 2021 International Cities of Choice Survey ranked Helsinki as the third greatest place to live in the world, behind only London and New York City.There are many things to do for tourists in Helsinki. Let us discuss further.

Climate in Helsinki

Helsinki has a humid continental climate because of the interplay between coastal and continental climates. The city’s climate is typical for a coastal city, with frequent wind and rain. The Gulf Stream, however, makes for milder temperatures than would otherwise be the case at this latitude. Summer in Helsinki starts in May and lasts until about the middle of September. During the summer, daytime highs and overnight lows often hover around 15 degrees Celsius. Temperatures around 30 degrees are not uncommon on particularly warm days. July is often the warmest month in Helsinki.

November or early December ushers in the chillier winter months, when thermometers often hover around the freezing mark. From December to February, on average, temperatures drop to roughly -4 degrees Celsius. Temperatures can drop to minus -15°C by the end of January, making it the coldest time of the year. Winter brings average low temperatures of -20°C, with the coldest weather often occurring in January and February. -34.3 degrees Celsius was the record low for Helsinki, Finland, set in 1987. The Finnish capital of Helsinki experiences its late spring around the month of April.

Summer nights in far northern Finland, above the Arctic Circle, are light for 73 days straight. This same region experiences 51 days of continuous winter darkness since the sun does not rise over the horizon.

Things to see in Helsinki

  1. Helsinki Railway Station
  2. Finlandia Hall
  3. Korkeasaari Zoo
  4. The National Museum of Finland (Kansallismuseo)
  5. Helsinki Olympic Stadium
  6. Central Park (Keskuspuisto)
  7. Sibelius Monument and Park
  8. Uspenski Cathedral
  9. Gallen-Kallela Museum
  10. Fortress of Sveaborg & the Suomenlinna Islands
  11. Helsinki’s Market Square
  12. Temppeliaukio Rock Church
  13. Seurasaari open-Air Museum
  14. Linnanmäki Amusement Park

Helsinki Railway Station

The first and the formost thing you should see in Helsinki is the Helsinki railway station. In the early 1860s, Helsinki’s population was estimated to be around 20,000, making it a small capital city by any standard. 63 After the city of Helsinki was urbanized in the late 19th century, the city saw a dramatic transformation. The city’s population increased by over 70,000 individuals between the 1860s and the 1900s. As the number of passengers using the Helsinki station grew, so did the railway authority’s need for office space. The initial train station was soon discovered to be inadequate due to the expanding demand for rail travel. 183

In 1895, the railway administration in Helsinki began planning a new station. Like many other terminal stations of the time, Helsinki’s was a U-shaped structure at the conclusion of the rails. The Train Administration’s administrative building was designed by architect Bruno Granholm, while the new railway station was designed by the Railway Administration. [26]: 183 The station building can be found in its final location and design in Granholm’s blueprints. 48

Architect C. O. Gleim, winner of 1898 competitions to design both Stockholm and Gothenburg’s central stations, was commissioned by the railway administration to create a plan for the new station building. The plan for the new Helsinki station’s design by the railway administration was to remain under the radar, so there would be no need for an open design competition.

In 1902, the idea of a competition to design a new station was conceived. This competition was held in the hopes of drawing the attention of the railway industry to the challenging design task and the architects who were up to the challenge. Additionally, it prompted the railway administration to launch a public competition to design Helsinki’s new train station.

Despite the lack of tangible results, the contest sparked enough discussion and Finnish Architecture Club activity that the railway administration is holding a new design contest for the façade of the future Helsinki railway station and the administrative building of the railway administration.

The new train station’s layout was planned out by railway officials to be in the shape of a U, with the U’s open end facing the tracks.

A floor plan of the station building and the adjacent office and administrative wing, designed by architect Bruno Granholm, was sent to the contestants. The contents recognized the floor plan as being very similar to the 1888 Frankfurt Hauptbahnh station. 61 The station’s front was specified to be made of natural stone, while the administration building’s was to be made of plaster accented with a sparse quantity of natural stone. [29]: 10 At the heart of the station, near the main entrance, would be a spacious central hall. The building’s primary entrance was required to be oriented toward Kaivokatu. The western end of the station, at the end of the perpendicular platform where the tracks ended, and the Rautatientori square were the other two entrances. It was stipulated that a steel roof be installed over the tracks, and a sample roof was included in the contest materials.
The baggage claim, ticket windows, and other station amenities of Helsinki’s train station were located just across from the main entrance.

There were distinct first-class, second-class, and third-class waiting areas and dining cars in train stations, unlike now. Both ends of the building’s ground level included waiting areas and eateries.

The first and second class waiting areas were located at the southern end of the building, while the third class area was located at the northern end. Attached to both lobbies were eateries catering to a distinct social group. Passengers had to wind their way through the several waiting areas to reach the platforms, as the station lacked a central hall.

There were additional women’s restrooms, an official room, a light room, and office space for the train station on the ground floor. Those in charge of the railroad, the station, and the administration all lived on the top floor. The engineer mechanic and the building’s caretaker both lived on the building’s third story. The attic level contained extra storage rooms as well. 100 The Helsinki Railway Station was the only one in Finland to use gas illumination because the city’s first gas works had just been erected adjacent to it, on the site of the current Postitalo main post office building.

The Helsinki Central Station may be found in Kaivokatu 1 in the Kluuvi neighborhood of the city. The station’s primary façade looks out onto Kluuvikatu. The Helsinki Railway Square is located to the east, and the Eliel Square is located to the west of the station. The Finnair City Bus route terminated at Eliel Square. From the station, you can take the Asematunneli tunnel under Kaivokatu to the basement level of the City-Center building. There is also an underground subway station, Central Railway Station, which may be accessed from within the station.

Central Station in Helsinki is a major transit hub for local and intercity trains as well as the metro system serving the Helsinki metropolitan area. With an average of 240 thousand people each day, the station is the busiest structure in all of Finland. About half of the guests arrive here via train. 147 Every weekday, the station sees about a hundred long-distance trains and around 850 commuter trains.

The waiting areas, ticket booths, kiosk hall, and tunnel access are all located in the hub of the station building. The former Railway Administration offices were located in the building’s eastern wing. Up until the Postitalo building was constructed in the 1930s, this was also Helsinki’s principal post office. In 2018, the VR Group established its new headquarters in Pasila. Upon completion of renovations in 2021, the hotel’s eastern wing would become a Scandic Hotels property. Since the 1970s, the western wing’s subfloor has housed luggage storage areas. Since the 2000s, a café has been operating on the ground floor, and offices and other commercial space have been established on the upper floors. 15 Over 20,000 people use the station every day, and it’s home to nearly twenty shops and eateries.

Finlandia Hall

The Finlandia Hall, located on Töölönlahti Bay in downtown Helsinki, is a city-owned conference and event facility. Completed in1971, the structure was conceived of and executed by architect Alvar Aalto. Aalto was responsible for the design of every aspect of the structure. Constructing began in 1967 and continued until 1971 after the plans were finished in 1962. Design for the Congress Wing began in1970, and construction took place between 1973 and 1975. Exhibit and conference space were added to the building in 2011. The OSCE Summit (Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe) was held in Finlandia Hall in August 1975, and it was attended by 35 heads of state, including the presidents of the Soviet Union, Leonid Brezhnev and Gerald Ford.

On December2,1971, a ceremony marking the opening of Finlandia Hall was held. At the opening concert, the Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra and violin soloist Isaac Stern performed the world premieres of Einojuhani Rautavaara’s Meren tytär (‘Daughter of the Sea’) and Aulis Sallinen’s Symphony (opus 24).

Alvar Aalto’s idea for a big new monumental center for Helsinki in the Töölö Bay region spanned from 1959 to 1976, with the only element of the plan to be realized being the Finlandia Hall and its Congress wing.

The tower-like part of Finlandia Hall, with its sloping top, is the building’s most distinctive feature. The designer, Alvar Aalto, reasoned that the elevated void would result in superior acoustics. Though the latticework conceals the interior from spectators, it provides the same profound after-reverberation as do high church spires. In order to contrast the black granite used within, Aalto used Italian Carrara marble outside. When Aalto saw marble, he thought of the Mediterranean culture he so desperately wished to transfer to Finland.

Korkeasaari Zoo

Unlike any other zoo, the Korkeasaari Zoo may be found on its own island in the Baltic Sea. It’s in close proximity to the heart of Helsinki. More than 150 animal species call the zoo home. Native Finnish species like the bear, wolverine, and European woodland reindeer share space with exotic visitors like Amur tigers, pygmy marmosets, snow leopards, European bison, and brilliant peafowl. In the meantime, you may relax and take in the serene beauty of the Finnish wilderness.

Among the world’s oldest zoos, the one that opened in 1889. The goal of in-situ conservation efforts at Korkeasaari Zoo is to safeguard the natural environments in which many species originally flourished. Your visit to Korkeasaari Zoo helps us in our mission to protect rare and endangered animals and biodiversity.

Every day of the year, you may visit the zoo.
The awakening of nature and the first appearance of young animals are just two of spring’s many pleasant surprises. Green and lush, the Finnish archipelago is beautiful in the summer. It’s great fun to take the boat out of the city’s core and head out to sea. The fabled darkness of autumn, when the huge cats of Cat Valley come out to play, gives the season a unique feel. Snowfall in the wintertime may make for a very enchanted season, even if most wildlife continues to forego the warmth of their homes year-round. When it’s freezing outside, it’s good to be able to visit one of the tropical houses.

Korkeasaari Zoo The National Museum of Finland (Kansallismuseo)

The National Museum of Finland (Kansallismuseo; Swedish: Nationalmuseum) displays artifacts and information about Finnish culture from prehistoric times to the current day. Located in the heart of Helsinki, the Finnish National Romantic-style building serves as the headquarters for the Finnish Heritage Agency (until2018, the National Board of Antiquities) (Finnish: Museovirasto, Swedish: Museiverket), which is part of the Ministry of Culture and Education.

Gesellius, Lindgren, Saarinen, the architectural firm, designed the National Museum. Its design is reminiscent of medieval cathedrals and castles in Finland. The building’s exterior is typical of national romanticism, but the inside is primarily Art Nouveau. The museum’s construction lasted from 1905 to 1910, and its doors first opened to the public in 1916. [After Finland gained its independence in1917, the museum changed its name to the Finnish National Museum. In July of 2000, following its most recent extensive makeover, the Museum reopened to the public.

Helsinki Olympic Stadium

Located in the Töölö neighborhood about 2.3 kilometers (1.4 mi) from the center of Finnish capital Helsinki, the Helsinki Olympic Stadium (Finnish: Helsingin Olympiastadion; Swedish: Helsingfors Olympiastadion) is the largest stadium in the country, primarily used for hosting sports events and large concerts. Most people will remember the stadium as the epicentre of the 1952 Summer Olympics. It served as the venue for the finals in football, equestrian show jumping, and athletics during those games.

Besides hosting the first ever Bandy World Championship in 1957, the stadium has also hosted the first and tenth ever World Athletics Championships in 1983 and 2005, respectively. In 1971, 1994, and 2012, it was the site of the European Athletics Championships. This stadium also serves as the primary home field for the Finnish national football team.

After 4 years of refurbishment, the stadium reopened in August 2020.

Yrjö Lindegren and Toivo Jäntti are credited for designing the Olympic Stadium. The iconic Olympic stadium was highlighted in Architectural Digest as a prime example of the functionalist style of building. Yrjö Lindgren won the gold medal in architecture in the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, making him an Olympic medalist as well.

Central Park (Keskuspuisto) Helsinki

Starting at the city center in Laakso and ending near the northern boundary in Haltiala and the river Vantaanjoki, Central Park is a roughly ten-kilometer-long wooded green area running the length of Helsinki from south to north.

Nature
Keskuspuisto, commonly known as Central Park, is a popular destination for locals and visitors alike because to its variety of ecosystems and quiet bike lanes for commuting. Central Park is home to a wide variety of ecosystems, including young spruce forests, herb-rich woods, meadows, and fields. Central Park is home to a wide range of plant life, including numerous endangered species; in the summer, the park is awash in a rainbow of blooms. Many kinds of polypores thrive in the ancient woods’ ideal settings. The presence of Siberian flying squirrels in the park’s woodlands is indicative of the rich biodiversity found there. There are many different kinds of birds living in the neighborhood as well.

There are numerous protected areas in the park’s northern half, including the herb-rich forest of Pitkäkoski, the primeval woodland area of Haltiala, the Niskala arboretum, the herb-rich forest of Ruutinkoski, and the Vantaanjoki riverbed. Plans are intended to create two additional protected areas in Haltiala, the Haltiala herb-rich forest and the Paloheinä woodland marsh.

In 1911, architect Bertel Jung drew out a design for the area around Töölönlahti Bay in Helsinki, which would eventually become Central Park. The area around Töölönlahti is commonly thought to be a part of Central Park, however the Park does not actually begin until Laakso and extends north to the city boundary where it ends at the river Vantaanjoki.

When Finland was selected to host the 1940 Summer Olympics, building on the Ruskeasuo Equestrian Hall, also known as the Olympic Manège, began in the late 1930s. However, the Olympic horses didn’t arrive at the stables until 1952, when the games were eventually staged in Helsinki. Keskustalli, Finland’s oldest horse riding school, and Helsinki’s only police horses are both based out of the stables adjacent to the equestrian hall today.

Fortifications constructed by the Russians during World War I may be found strewn over the various sections of Central Park. These forts were constructed between 1914 and 1918 as part of a larger defense network designed to keep Russian forces out of St. Petersburg, the capital city of the Russian Empire. The fortifications have been declared permanent monuments since 1971, granting them protection under the Antiquities Act.

Sibelius Monument and Park

The sculpture, titled Passio Musicae, was created by Finnish artist Eila Hiltunen and dedicated on September 7, 1967. Shortly after the composer’s untimely passing in 1957, the Sibelius Society held a competition to commemorate his legacy, and this sculpture emerged victorious. After an early frontrunner was discarded, the competition went to a second round. Although the design resembled stylized organ pipes, it was known that the composer had composed little music for organs, which prompted an initial heated discussion on the benefits and drawbacks of abstract art. Hiltunen responded to her detractors by including Sibelius’s face in a smaller sculpture placed next to the larger one.

More than 600 hollow steel pipes are welded together in a wave pattern to form the structure. It is 8.5 m (28 ft) wide, 10.5 m (34 ft) tall, and 6.5 m (21 ft) in depth, and weighs 24 t (24 long tons; 26 short tons). Hiltunen set out to do justice to Sibelius’ work by distilling its essential qualities.

Uspenski Cathedral Helsinki

The Uspenski Cathedral, located in Helsinki’s Katajanokka neighborhood and finished in 1868, is the biggest orthodox cathedral in Western Europe. The church is one of the most recognizable emblems of the Russian influence on Finnish history, with its golden cupolas and redbrick exterior.

Alexander Hotovitzky, who was the vicar of the Orthodox parish in Helsinki from 1914 to 1917 and who was killed as a martyr during the Great Purge and later canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church in 1994, is honored by a chapel in the cathedral’s basement.

The cathedral is on a hill on the peninsula of Katajanokka, providing stunning views of the city below. A plaque honoring Russian Tsar Alexander II, who ruled the Grand Duchy of Finland during the cathedral’s construction, may be seen on the building’s rear wall. Uspenski Cathedral, in the capital city of Helsinki, is the main cathedral of the Finnish Orthodox Church and, according to some, the biggest orthodox church in Western Europe.

About a half a million people from all over the world go to the cathedral each year.

The cathedral welcomes visitors at no cost. During the colder months, the cathedral is closed every Monday.

Gallen-Kallela Museum Helsinki

The Gallen-Kallela Museum is located in a lovely area, and its distinctive building makes for an enjoyable backdrop to the museum’s exhibits.

Tarvaspää, the artist’s castle-like workshop and house that he designed and built between 1865 and 1931, first opened to the public in 1961 as the Gallen-Kallela Museum.

Gallen-Kallela and his contemporaries, as well as modern and contemporary works of art, are included in the museum’s rotating temporary exhibits.

The museum hosts several events and is a resource for learning about Akseli Gallen-Kallela.

To those who are familiar with her work and those who aren’t, please welcome Akseli Gallen-Kallela.

Fortress of Sveaborg & the Suomenlinna Islands

The Suomenlinna area, located on eight islands, six of which have been fortified, is home to the inhabited sea fortress Suomenlinna (Finnish: [suomenlin]; before 1918 Viapori, Finnish: [viapori]). It is located approximately four kilometers southeast of Helsinki, Finland’s capital. Tourists and locals alike go to Suomenlinna for its beauty as a picnic spot. Sveaborg (Castle of the Swedes) or Viapori (Castle of the Finns) as it is known by Finnish-speaking Finns was renamed in Finnish to Suomenlinna (Castle of Finland) in 1918 for patriotic and nationalistic reasons, though it is still known by its original name in Sweden and among Swedish-speaking Finns.

In 1748, the Swedish crown began constructing the stronghold to ward off Russian expansion. Augustin Ehrensvärd was tasked with overseeing the whole fortification project. The initial design of the bastion stronghold was heavily influenced by Vauban, the leading military engineer of the day, and the concepts of the star fort type of defense, however these had to be modified to a cluster of rocky islands. In 1991, UNESCO recognized Suomenlinna for its historic bastion defences.

The citadel was ceded by Sweden to Russia on May 3, 1808, during the Finnish War. This led to the annexation of Finland by Russian soldiers in 1809, and ultimately the cession of Finland to Russia. Until Finland gained its independence in 1917, Russia occupied the fort. After then, Finland ran Suomenlinna through the Defense Ministry until 1973, when it mostly passed into civilian hands.

Helsinki's Market Square

The Market Square (Kauppatori in Finnish; Salutorget in Swedish) is one of the most prominent public spaces in Helsinki. [1] It is situated in the heart of Helsinki, near the eastern end of Esplanadi, between the Baltic Sea and Katajanokka to the east. In addition to the year-round ferry service provided by HSL from Market Square to Suomenlinna,[2] private firms provide ferry tours to Suomenlinna and other surrounding islands during the summer months. Nearby Market Square are the Presidential Palace, City Hall, the Swedish Embassy, and the Stora Enso Headquarters building (built by Alvar Aalto).

The Market Square is bustling with sellers offering local produce and unique Finnish items all year round. A large number of cafes with outdoor seating can be found around the area. Even meat pastries may be found at certain cafes (Finnish: lihapiirakka).

Temppeliaukio Rock Church

The Lutheran Temppeliaukio Church can be found in Helsinki’s Töölö district. Timo and Tuomo Suomalainen, two brothers who are also architects, planned and built the church, which opened its doors in 1969. It was constructed entirely within an outcropping of solid rock, thus its other names.

One of Helsinki’s most well-known public areas is the Market Square (Kauppatori in Finnish; Salutorget in Swedish). [1] You may find it in the middle of Helsinki between the Baltic Sea and Katajanokka to the east. During the summer, private companies provide ferry cruises to Suomenlinna and the neighboring islands, in addition to the year-round service offered by HSL from Market Square to Suomenlinna[2]. The Presidential Palace, City Hall, the Swedish Embassy, and the Stora Enso Headquarters are all within a short distance of Market Square (built by Alvar Aalto).

Year-round, the Market Square is a hive of activity with vendors selling fresh seasonal fare and exclusive things made only in Finland. There are a great deal of eateries with outdoor dining in the neighborhood. Certain bakeries even provide meat-filled pastries (Finnish: lihapiirakka).

Seurasaari open-Air Museum Helsinki

Cottages, farmsteads, and manors from the previous four centuries are on exhibit at the Open-Air Museum of Seurasaari, showcasing the ancient Finnish way of life. Buildings from each of Finland’s regions are on display in the museum. They were moved to Seurasaari Island to provide a comprehensive look at rural Finnish life from the 18th to the 20th centuries.

Linnanmäki Amusement Park

Linnanmäki, also known as Borgbacken in Swedish and Lintsi in Finnish, is a theme park in Helsinki. The park opened on May 27, 1950, and it is run by the non-profit Children’s Day Foundation (Finnish: Lasten Päivän Säätiö, Swedish: Stiftelsen Barnens Dag) to benefit children in Finland. The foundation gave €4.5 million in 2019 and has given approximately €120 million in total.

You can’t visit Finland and not visit Linnanmäki, the country’s original and most well-known amusement park. With more rides than any other Nordic amusement park, Linnanmäki is a popular destination for thrill-seekers of all ages. Arcades, games, kiosks, eateries, and a summertime outdoor stage with live entertainment are just some of the additional features. Open from spring to fall, the park sees over a million visitors each year. After fifty million guests, Linnanmäki saw its fiftieth millionth guest in August 2006.